Muslims consider the Holy Quran to be the most important religious literature in Islam and consider it to be the exact word of God as revealed to the Prophet Muhammad. The fact that the Quran makes numerous references to scientific principles and facts that were not understood by humans until centuries later is one of the Quran’s most amazing features. Many Muslims consider these allusions to be proof of the divine origin of the Quran and to show the harmony between science and religion. We’ll look at a few scientific facts found in the Holy Qur’an in this post.
The miracles described in the Quran are nuanced and intricate. Even before they are discovered, several of the most well-known scientific miracles are discussed in the holy book. The holy book provides insight into topics like the Big Bang Theory, genetics, black holes, and more. Evidently, science and the holy Quran are not mutually exclusive. In fact, the Quran’s descriptions of scientific advancements take the form of Surahs. However, until science advanced enough to support the existence of such events, several of the Surahs were difficult to believe. Today, it is reasonable to state that the Quran merely mentions complicated phenomena, and science is merely a confirmation of the information included in the book.
The Creation of the Universe:
One of the most important scientific concepts mentioned in the Quran is the hypothesis of the origin of the cosmos. The idea that the cosmos had no creator and had always existed persisted up until a century ago. However, Albert Einstein disproved this notion by proposing the theory that the cosmos is an expanding force that is inflating like a balloon during his research of field equations. Later, a Belgian clergyman and mathematician claimed that this expansion must have started from a dense beginning location.
The depiction of the universe’s origin in the Quran is one of the book’s most well-known scientific allusions. The universe, often known as the Big Bang, is said to have been formed from a single point or singularity in the Quran.
The Quran states, “Do not the Unbelievers see that the heavens and the earth were joined together (as one unit of creation), before we clove them asunder?” (21:30)
This passage is consistent with the Big Bang theory, which forms the basis of modern science’s view of the universe’s creation. This hypothesis states that the universe was a singularity that swiftly expanded to form the cosmos as we know it today.
The Quran also makes reference to scientific truths about embryology. The Quran uses language and ideas that were not understood until centuries later to describe the growth of the human embryo in extraordinary detail. The stages of embryonic development, for instance, are described in the Quran as “alaqah” (a sticky material), “mudghah” (a chewed mass), and “izam” (bones). The various phases of embryonic development, from the first stage of fertilization through the production of bones, are adequately described by these terminology.
The human eye is also described in the Quran, which claims that it is formed from a “drop of fluid” (16:4) and goes through a difficult production process before being completely functioning. This explanation is in line with what is now known about how the human eye grows.
The Quran also makes mention of geological occurrences that weren’t fully understood until much later by humans. The development of mountains, for instance, is described in the Quran as being caused by the bending of the earth’s crust. According to the Qur’an, “And We have placed on the earth firm mountains, lest it should shake with them” (21:31).
This description is consistent with the current scientific understanding of how mountains are formed, which involves the movement and collision of tectonic plates.
The development of clouds and the cycle of rain are just two examples of the meteorological phenomena that are mentioned in the Quran. According to the Qur’an, “It is He who sends the winds as heralds of glad tidings, going before His mercy; and We send down pure water from the sky” (25:48).
This description is in line with the current scientific theory on how rain is created, which holds that water vapor condenses in the atmosphere before precipitating as rain.
Formation of Clouds:
In contrast to today, when elementary school students study about how clouds originate, this was not the case in 609 C.E. But the production of clouds is still accurately described in the Quran.
The book says, “Have you not seen how Allah makes the clouds move gently, then joins them together, then makes them into a stack, and then you see the rain come out of it?”
This is a true reflection of what takes place. In actuality, the winds softly move the little clouds, and those that are close to one another combine. The upper portion of the cloud extends upward in the sky as a result of a vertical updraft that occurs at this time. As a result, various portions of the cloud are elevated to divergent locations and appear to be stacked on top of one another. Given that this investigation was only conducted in the last two centuries, the Quran’s mention of this scientific fact is historical.
Scholars and religious authorities have engaged in extensive discussion and debate on the scientific references found in the Holy Quran. While some claim that these allusions are coincidences or the product of a metaphorical reading of the text, others claim that they are proof of the Quran’s divine origin.
Whatever one’s religious views, it is evident that the Holy Quran has references to scientific concepts and facts that were not understood until much later. These examples show how science and religion may coexist, and they also imply that the Islamic faith places a high value on the search of knowledge and understanding.